Psychopathy, also known as sociopathy

is traditionally defined as a personality disorder characterized by persistent antisocial behavior, impaired empathy and remorse, and bold, disinhibited, egotistical traits.

Although no psychiatric or psychological organization has sanctioned a diagnosis titled “psychopathy”, assessments of psychopathic characteristics are widely used in criminal justice settings in some nations, and may have important consequences for individuals.

Unlike psychotic individuals, psychopaths are rational and aware of what they are doing and why. Their behavior is the result of choice, freely exercised.

Triarchic model

The triarchic model, formulated by Christopher J. Patrick et al., suggests that different conceptions of psychopathy emphasize three observable characteristics to varying degrees.

  • Boldness.

– low fear
– stress-tolerance,
– toleration of unfamiliarity,
– danger,
– high self-confidence
– social assertiveness

  • Disinhibition

– Poor impulse control
– problems with planning and foresight,
– lacking affect
– urge control,
– demand for immediate gratification,
– poor behavioral restraints

  •  Meanness

– Lacking empathy and close attachments with others,
– disdain of close attachments,
– use of cruelty to gain empowerment,
– exploitative tendencies,
– defiance of authority,
– destructive excitement seeking

Source: Wikipedia Psychopathy